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Welcome to the Project Saraswati
Saraswati is a research project jointly funded by the European Commission (FP7) and the Government of India, Department for Science and Technology, under the joint program “EU-India cooperation in water technology: research and innovation”.
The acronym Saraswati is based on the Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, arts and science. In Hinduism, Saraswati is also the name of the lost holy river in India. Thereby, the acronym draws attention to the importance of rivers and at the same time of knowledge and science to protect and recover rivers.
Untreated domestic and municipal wastewater is a major source of water and environmental pollution. India still suffers from a low level of adequate wastewater treatment and hence from drastic levels of related pollution. Untreated wastewater has e.g. been identified as the main source of pollution of the river Ganga. The situation is not much better for other rivers such as e.g. the river Yamuna. At the same time, water pollution reduces the available unpolluted freshwater resources and therefore causes increased costs for safe water supply. Treatment of wastewater thereby not only avoids pollution but also provides a valuable additional source for water supply. Treated wastewater can e.g. be used for agricultural irrigation or for non potable purposes such as toilet flushing.